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Research Paper 226: Katharine N. Rankin, Kuni Kamizaki,and Heather McLean, The State of Business in Mount Dennis: Disinvestment and Gentrification in Toronto’s Inner-Suburbs, November 2013, vii, 70pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1485-5.

Emily Paradis, Nine out of Ten Families at Risk of Homelessness in Toronto's Aging Rental Highrise Buildings. Research Update, from Neighbourhood Change & Building Inclusive Communities From Within, November 2013.

Research Paper 230: Amy Twigge-Molecey, The Spatial Patterning of Wealth and Poverty in the Montréal Region, 1971–2006: A Literature Review October 2013, vi, 53pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1494-0.

Research Paper 229: Robert Murdie, Jennifer Logan and Richard Maaranen, Eight Canadian Metropolitan Areas: Who Lived Where in 2006? September 2013, vi, 44 pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1492-3. In this PDF file: 9 maps from Section 6 followed by Figure 3 in higher resolution than possible in the full report.

ABSTRACT. This report introduces a typology of neighbourhoods for eight Canadian CMAs, using a joint analysis of 2006 census tract data. The study draws on 2006 census tract data for 3,139 tracts in eight CMAs and includes 30 variables related to economic status, age, family, and household status, immigrant and ethnic status, migrant status, and housing status. A principal components analysis of these variables resulted in five interpretable components: Economic Status, Family/Housing Status, Immigration/Ethnic Status, Residential Mobility, and Immigrant Disadvantage. A cluster analysis resulted in 15 clusters organized into 6 summary groups. The clusters were mapped for each CMA. Although not all clusters appear in every CMA, the location of the clusters shows some common patterns:

-The “Older Working Class” group is generally found in the inner suburbs.
-The “Urban/Suburban Homeowner” group is located primarily in stable residential areas constructed mainly after the Second World War.
-The “Old City Establishment” group is situated in older high-income, inner-city areas and areas in which gentrification has taken place, especially in Ottawa, Toronto, and, to a lesser extent, Montréal.
-“Young, Single and Mobile Renters” are found in the central areas of many CMAs.
-“Disadvantaged Groups” exhibits a complex distribution that varies from cluster to cluster as well as by CMA.
-“Family Ethnoburbs” are found in the suburbs of only four of the cities studied.

The typology is an important portrayal of the increasingly complex social geography of Canada’s CMAs and is one of the few Canadian studies to include all census tracts simultaneously in a single analysis rather than analyzing each CMA separately. It also provides a sampling frame for comparative neighbourhood studies across CMAs. Careful analysis of the results will highlight areas for future research.

Research Paper 228: Jim Simmons and Larry Bourne, The Canadian Urban System in 2011: Looking Back and Projecting Forward, August 2013, iv, 37 pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1491-6.
ABSTRACT. The 2011 Census of Canada echoes the census results from one hundred years earlier. The first decade of the 20th century featured a dramatic surge in immigration, with immigrants attracted to both the resource–rich regions (BC, the Prairies, Northern Ontario), and to the large metropolitan areas that provided manufactured goods and services for the resource boom (Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary). This paper also documents the recent shift in economic growth away from manufacturing towards the resource sectors, the exaggerated growth of the largest cities, and the implications for the provinces.

The main difference between the recent growth and that of the earlier period is the rapid aging of the current population as the baby boom cohorts become older. The combination of recent immigration and the fertility events of the last half-century has produced a complex geography of urban growth. Growth has become more and more concentrated in a small number of metropolitan areas that continue to attract immigration. These cities are able to stimulate growth in nearby places as young families move outward and retirees seek peace and quiet; but the great majority of Canadian cities are simply getting older, without significant growth.

Research Paper 227: Walks, Alan, Income Inequality and Polarization in Canada’s Cities: An Examination and New Form of Measurement, August 2013, 116pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1486-2.

Research Paper 225: Solomon, Rhonda Cheryl, A Comparative Policy Analysis of Public Toilet Provision Initiatives in North American Cities:  Recommendations for the Creation of a Public Toilet Strategy in Toronto, June 2013, 53pp., ISSN 0316-0068, ISBN-13 978-0-7727-1484-8.

Urban Density Case Studies in the Greater Golden Horseshoe
Density Scenarios: Proposals for Intensification of Selected Urban Growth Centres
George Baird and Robert Levit, John H. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design, University of Toronto, with support from the Ontario Growth Secretariat, Ministry of Infrastructure, Government of Ontario.  Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2011. Reproduced with permission.

Walkability in Toronto's High-Rise Neighbourhoods (Executive Summary, low resolution) (Full Report, low resolution) by Professor Paul M. Hess, and Jane Farrow of Jane’s Walk. These walkability studies are the first of their kind in North America. They were jointly funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and the Toronto Community Foundation (TCF).  High resolution files are available at

Cities Grow Ontario: Urban Challenges and Prospects Martin Prosperity Institute; Cities Centre; The Centre on Governance, University of Ottawa; Innis College Urban Studies Program; School of Geography and Earth Studies, McMaster University; Program on Globalization and Regional Innovation Systems; School of Environment, Enterprise and Development, University of Waterloo; and City Institute at York University, September, 2011.

Toronto's Inner Suburbs: Investing in Social Infrastructure in Scarborough, by Deborah Cowen and Vanessa Parlette, 2011, University of Toronto, 12 pages. 

Inner Suburbs at Stake: Investing in Social Infrastructure in Scarborough
Deborah Cowen & Vanessa Parlette, Cities Centre Research Paper 220, 2011, University of Toronto, 86 pages. 

Who Cares About 15 Million Urban Voters, April 2011, Martin Prosperity Institute.

The Three Cities Within Toronto cover

The Three Cities Within Toronto interactive website The Three Cities Within Toronto: Income Polarization Among Toronto's Neighbourhoods 1970-2005 by David Hulchanski


Cities Centre has inherited a wealth of published research from Centre for Urban and Community Studies, and continues to actively publish many series.  A large number of the published materials, dating back to the 1970s, are now available here in electronic form. 

Look for the archives of materials in these series:  Research Papers, Major Report Series, Research Bulletins, Books, Bibliographic Series, Child in the City Report Series.