IATBR 2012 Keynote and Resource Papers


Peer Review Panels: Role, Responsibility and Conditions for Effectiveness

Frank S. Koppelman
Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering and Transportation
Northwestern University

Peer review has been widely used in all areas of science, technology and engineering since, at least for review of papers submitted for publication, solicited project proposals and National Research Council Reports. Peer Review Panels are a special case of peer review in which the reviewers form a group which works together to provide their review and guidance. The first formal statement about the use of Peer Review Panels in transportation analysis appeared in “Guidelines for Revenue and Ridership Forecasting for High Speed Rail” by the High Speed Rail Association in September 1986. Peer Review Panels have been adopted with increasing frequency for travel/ridership modeling and forecasting in both urban and intercity modeling since that time. The role of Peer Review Panels varies widely from case to case. In this presentation, we discuss the role and responsibility of Peer Review Panels and propose criteria for their effectiveness.

Transportation and the Evolution of Great World Cities
Christopher A. Kennedy
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering
University of Toronto

Connections between transportation and the urban economy are obvious: “Every movement of a vehicle is a small dynamic of the economy at work.” Taking a longer view, changes in transportation technology also feature prominently in cycles of major industrial transformation, as highlighted by Schumpeter. This presentation aims to go further, identifying some of the deeper, fundamental aspects of transportation in the evolution of urban economies. These include: creating new consumer markets; expanding existing markets; sparking agglomeration effects; enabling suburbanization; providing a means to dominate hinterlands in a city’s progression towards financial centre; and constituting a critical part of the evolution of new urban form.

Short Biographies

Frank KoppelmanFrank S. Koppelman is Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering and Transportation at Northwestern University. He has almost forty years of experience in the development and application of models of traveler behavior and traveler satisfaction with existing or proposed transportation services. During his tenure at NU, he taught Travel Demand Analysis and Forecasting and Introduction to Transportation Planning for over thirty years. He also led the development of a wide range of travel modeling programs used to evaluate local, regional and inter-regional transportation services and to design services that would meet travel needs and desires. His work has been widely applied, by himself and others, to the planning, analysis and evaluation activities of much metropolitan, state, regional and inter-regional transportation planning agencies. Koppelman has designed, applied and interpreted data collected from surveys of current and likely future traveler behavior as well as performance ratings and satisfaction with existing and proposed transport services. Koppelman served as Associate Editor of Transportation Research-B for ten years, as Chairman of the TRB Committee on Travel Demand and Forecasting for over Five years and was awarded the first Lifetime Achievement Award of the International Association for Traveler Behavior Research in 2003 in recognition of his research and his training of graduate students who have gone on to become leaders in both academia and planning practice.

Chris KennedyChristopher A. Kennedy is a Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Toronto, where he teaches courses in Infrastructure Economics, Engineering Ecology, and the Design of Infrastructure for Sustainable Cities. He is currently on secondment to the OECD in Paris, working on Cities, Green Growth and Policies for Encouraging Investment in Low Carbon Infrastructure. He has also served as a consultant or advisor to the Ontario Ministry of Finance, Infrastructure Canada, Clinton Climate Initiative, C40, California Energy Commission, US National Science Foundation, UNEP, UN-HABITAT and the World Bank. Amongst Chris’ publications are studies of urban metabolism, greenhouse gas emissions from global cities and processes for developing sustainable urban transportation systems. His wider work includes contributions to probability theory, regional economics and engineering education. He has been a visiting scholar at Oxford University, ETH Zürich and UFZ Leipzig. His book The Evolution of Great World Cities: Urban Wealth and Economic Growth was published by University of Toronto Press in August 2011.